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The Calle de los Judios in the old quarter of Cordoba, Spain on July 28, 2007.  For nearly 700 years of Arab rule under the Umayyad caliphate, Cordoba was the capital of Al Andalus, as the region was known when Jews, Christians and Arabs peacefully coexisted until Christians seized the city in 1236 when the mosque was converted into a cathedral; Cordoba remains a popular tourist attraction among all three communities.